About Our Stone
TYPES OF STONE
Sandstone is a sedimentary rock consisting usually of quartz cemented with silica, iron oxide or calcium carbonate. Sandstone is durable, has a very high crushing and tensile strength, and a wide range of colors and textures.
Quartzitic Sandstone is an intermediate classification of sandstone that has similar color characteristics of the sandstone and quartzite classifications. Harder than sandstone, yet softer that quartzite, this term describes a vast majority of FSC’s products. This material is very durable and easy for stone masons to work with.
Quartzite is a hard, metamorphic rock which was originally sandstone. Through heating and pressure, usually related to tectonic compression, the original quartz sand grains and quartz silica, fuse into one. Quartzite’s crushing and tensile strengths are extremely high and the color range is wide.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock composed largely of mineral calcite. The primary source of the calcite in limestone is most commonly marine organisms. These organisms secrete shells that are deposited on ocean floors. Limestone is usually found in ancient sea beds and contains fossils of marine life, primarily mollusks and coral. Pure limestone is almost white. Impurities can cause limestone to exhibit different colors; however, limestone will always consist of lighter tones.
Granite or Porphyry is usually medium to coarse grained, occasionally with some individual crystals. Granites can be pink to dark gray, even black, depending on their chemistry and mineralogy. Granite is hard and tough, and it is for this reason it has gained widespread use as a construction stone. Granite is ideal for driveway, courtyards, and other heavy traffic areas.
Natural Stone Thin Veneer: This is a term used to describe a product in which the raw stone is cut into thin pieces measuring ¾"-1 ¼" thick. This product is used on the interior or exterior of homes and buildings. Additional uses include retaining walls and fireplaces.
Standard Veneer: A standard veneer is a stone that measures 3-5" in thickness. This product is used for the interior or exterior of homes/buildings and freestanding retaining walls.
Custom Detail Stone: These stones have been cut to specific dimensions. Homeowners, architects and stone masons will call out the specific use of the stone such as, caps, hearths, mantels, sills or headers. A cap is a piece of stone that would typically top a structure that is made of stone, for example, a column or retaining wall. A hearth is the piece of stone that juts out from the bottom of a fireplace. A mantel is a piece of stone that creates a decorative ledge above a fireplace. A sill is a stone that is applied to the bottom exterior of a window. A header is a solid piece of stone that is used to accent the top of an entrance or window. This look can also be accomplished with a keystone accent.
Landscape Material: This term includes a wide range of stone. Flagstone is commonly defined by a thin piece of stone 1-3" in thickness that is typically used for patios and walkways. Flagstone is usually installed in a random pattern but occasionally a client may require flagstone to be cut in to squares or rectangles. Cut flagstone can also be used on interiors. This application is called sawn flooring. Landscape strip stone refers to stone that is 3-5" in depth, 4-8" in height and varying lengths. Strip stone is usually a split face stone and is used for freestanding retaining walls. Landscape boulders are 8-12" in depth & height, at lengths ranging from 16"-36". Landscape boulders are used for large retaining walls and garden accents. Stair treads are large pieces of stone that start at 6" high and can be custom cut to accommodate indoor or outdoor stair applications. Because of its rough texture, stair treads provide a natural non-slip surface. These large thick slabs are excellent for outdoor fire pit surrounds and outdoor kitchen applications.
Pavers: Freedom Stone Company distributes two different types of pavers. Quartzitic sandstone pavers are 3-4" thick and can be cut into a wide range of dimensions and then tumbled. Porphyry granite pavers come in a large assortment of sizes. Pavers are used for patios, walkways, courtyards and driveways.
THE DIFFERENT FACES OF STONE
Stone typically comes out of the ground in large slabs. The top and bottom of these slabs are referred to as the natural cleft or stained face. The natural cleft is where sediments and impurities have settled in between the layers of stone, creating a range of discoloration. The interior of the stone is fairly monochromatic. When the stone is split to expose the interior it is called a split face. A sawn face describes a stone that has been cut smooth with a saw.
DIFFERENT STONE CUTS
There are various ways to cut a stone. Different cuts and faces are implemented to create a pattern and ultimately, a blend. Ledgestone is a term used to describe a stone that is longer then it is high. A chopped pattern refers to stone that has been cut in varying sizes of squares and rectangles. Some blends have a combination of chopped and ledgestone, in this instance the chopped pieces are sometimes referred to as jumpers. Stone that is uncut is called a random or irregular pattern. In addition, we offer a tumbled version of virtually all of our products. This process creates smooth edges and softens the original colors, giving the stone an "old world" appearance.
DEFINITIONS OF STONE EDGES
There are two types of edges on stone. A sawn edge is when a saw has been used to create a clean/smooth cut. A split edge is when pressure is applied using a stone splitter or by hand, causing the stone to break or "split", leaving a rough more natural looking edge.
|Natural Stone Thin Veneer Natural Stone Standard Veneer Stone Fireplaces Stone Sills & Headers Landscape Materials Pavers|